Blog Series Emissions #1 Carbon Reduction

Emissionsberechnung_80x80The demand for green logistics and emission reporting for transports is constantly growing among the transportation chain. In the first part of our emission blog series, we outline the need and benefits as well as the important factors of carbon reduction.

Need and benefits of carbon reduction

The progression of climate change is particularly relevant for the logistics industry: The changing conditions like new environmental standards mean that market risks can change (e.g. introducing low-emission zones, new innovation in the transportation industry).

Many companies face the need of reducing carbon because of legal requirements, cost reductions, image reasons, stakeholder expectations or the like. In order to reduce emissions, it is necessary to calculate consumption. This allows for example to draw comparisons and to evaluate effects of reduction activities. In several countries the determination of a company’s carbon footprint is prescribed by government, e.g. it is an obligation for all listed companies in the UK to report their emissions. Even if it is not obliged to report it, it is often expected by customers and other stakeholders. The emission information flow becomes more and more important along the transportation chain.

As a company involved in transportation, the reporting of emissions provides significant benefits. Apart from the fulfillment of government obligations and customer expectations, it leads to more transparency. Aiming at reducing carbon consumption, the current consumption has to be determined. Through this, internal processes are viewed and analyzed. Improvement potentials and optimizations can be recognized, accessed and evaluated. Also costs get more transparent and can be reduced by reducing carbon consumption. Understanding the company’s activities and their according fuel consumption allows active management of activities and increase of efficiency.

Reduction of carbon

Carbon redcution needs to be measured. This is only possible, if current consumption values are available and the development can be viewed over time. A continuous process of checking and monitoring of progress is needed.

The FTA defines the following main key factors for reducing carbon:

  • Use the right vehicle for right operations
  • Manage fuel use
  • Reduce vehicle miles and resources

All of the relevant emissions of CO2, air pollutants, and other greenhouse gases
are calculated depending on the vehicle configuration, empty weight and load weight,
together with the road and traffic situation (uphill and downhill terrain, road type, etc.). Therefore, it should be tracked by the company’s transport management software solution. See how Hermes transport logistics manages emissions with the PTV xServer:


The demand for green logistics and emissions reporting for transports is constantly growing among the transportation chain.It is a proof of better quality in business services as companies can prove that they are dealing with their own environmental aspects. The emission calculation should be included in the company’s transport management software solution, where its vehicles and routes are managed, as these are the key factors for reducing carbon.

The resulting whitepaper of the cooperation of Dr. Jacques Leonardi and the PTV Group can be downloaded here: How do you cut costs by cutting carbon?

BlogSeriesGot an idea of the benefits of emission reducing and reporting and want to know more about how emissions can be calculated for your fleet? Don’t miss the second post of our emission blog series next Wednesday about Carbon Calculation.

Blog Series about Emissions starting on Wednesday

Emissionsberechnung_80x80Tomorrow, we will start our blog post series about Green Logistics focusing on emissions.

“As both politics and transport companies are forced to act, having an eye on the carbon footprint of logistics services is more important then ever.”

Dr. Jacques Leonardi

The progression of climate change is particularly relevant for the logistics industry. Together with Dr. Jacques Leonardi, Senior Research Fellow for Transport Studies at the University of Westminster, the PTV Group developed a white paper “How do you cut
costs by cutting carbon?”

On the next few Wednesdays we will show on our blog, how emission cutting and tracing can affect logistics and how PTV xServer supports emission calculation and reporting. Covering the three topics Carbon Reduction, Calculation and Reporting you will get an overview of emissions on business and technical aspects.


#1 Carbon Reduction

On our first post we outline the needs and benefits of carbon reduction and reporting for logistic companies. Information resulting from the cooperation with Dr. Jacques Leonardi help you to get an impression of the importance of emission transparency.

#2 Carbon Calculation

The goal to reduce emissions comes along with the need of tracing and comparing trip and fleet data. Current emissions of a fleet have to be determined in order to set reduction goals and to trace improvements. Therefore, our second blog post informs you about emission data and carbon calculation on the example of the PTV xServer. It supports different emission factors and calculation approaches like for example HBEFA, CEN and COPERT. This post helps you to understand the differences of these approaches and to chose a suitable data basis for your emission calculation.

#3 Carbon Reporting

On the third part of our series, we dive into technical details how emission reports can be generated with PTV xServer. In a small How-To-Description, we provide all information needed to report emission data using PTV xServer. Example requests as well as information for administrators help you to get started.

42er_Icon-rot_NewsOur “Emission Wednesdays” start tomorrow, so don’t miss our first post!

The symbiosis of PTV xTerritory and PTV xTour Server

Assuming you have a compact trading area and you like to plan day trips for your vehicles you can benefit of the symbiosis of PTV xTerritory and PTV xTour Server. Use PTV xTerritory Server to plan territories based on customer addresses and optimize the trips with PTV xTour Server.

xTerritoryIn our sample there is one depot located in Karlsruhe and the orders located  in a compact trading area around. At the depot there are 5 vehicles available for one day.

First use PTV xTerritory Server to plan 5 territories, one territory for each vehicle. Input data is the amount of territories to plan and  the locations of all customers or orders for one day.

To keep the sample simple, all locations have an activity value of 1 and the position of the depot is not taken into account. PTV xTerritory Server plans contiguous territories which are balanced on the amount of locations and their activities.

id total activity relative activity number of locations
territory-0 16 88,90% 16
territory-1 18 100,00% 18
territory-2 20 111,10% 20
territory-3 16 88,90% 16
territory-4 20 111,10% 20

xTourSecond step is the trip planning to get a day trip for each of the 5 vehicles with PTV xTour Server.

We use PTV xTour Server to optimize the sequence of customer or order locations.  Input data is the vehicles and the customer or order locations assigned to the particular territory of the vehicle. As a result we get the optimized day trip and an impression of the tour duration for these trips.

To keep the sample simple the tours are planned as open trips without taking the depot into account. Optimization goal for trip planning is the optimal sequence.

id distance tour period max. period relation  (4 hours) transport point count
territory-0 89,64 km 02:03:36 51,50% 16
territory-1 137,26 km 03:02:43 76,13% 18
territory-2 141,03 km 03:09:11 78,83% 20
territory-3 120,05 km 02:40:03 66,69% 16
territory-4 104,78 km 02:25:43 60,72% 20

This simple use case shows how easily compact and perfectly sequenced day trips can be planned. If you need more information visit the use case section of PTV xTerritory or PTV xTour in the PTV xServer Manual.

If you like to have the xml-requests for this sample just comment on this post with your email address. We will sent you the requests as soon as possible.